The turkey is a large bird in the genusMeleagris, which is native to the Americas. One species, Meleagris gallopavo (commonly known as the domestic turkey or wild turkey), is native to the forests of North America, mainly Mexico and the United States. The other living species is Meleagris ocellata or the ocellated turkey, native to the forests of the Yucatán Peninsula. Males of both turkey species have a distinctive fleshy wattle or protuberance that hangs from the top of the beak (called a snood). They are among the largest birds in their ranges. As in many galliformes, the male is larger and much more colorful than the female.
Turkeys are classed in the family of Phasianidae (pheasants, partridges, francolins, junglefowl, grouse and relatives) in the taxonomicorder of Galliformes. The genus Meleagris is the only genus in the subfamily Meleagridinae, formerly known as the family Meleagrididae, but now subsumed within the family Phasianidae.
History and naming
When Europeans first encountered turkeys in America, they incorrectly identified the birds as a type of guineafowl– i.e., as members of a group of birds which were thought to typically come from the country of Turkey. The name of the North American bird thus became "turkey fowl", which was then shortened to just "turkey". In 1550, the English navigator William Strickland, who had introduced the turkey into England, was granted a coat of arms including a "turkey-cock in his pride proper".
Ampelographers estimate that Turkey is home to between 600–1200 indigenous varieties of Vitis vinifera (the Europeangrapevine), though less than 60 of these are grown commercially. With over 1,500,000 acres (6,100km2) planted under vine, Turkey is the world's fourth-leading producer of grapes.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Turkey's first president, established the country's first commercial winery in 1925. According to the OIV, the total wine production in 2005 was 287,000 hl. In the first half of 2009, wine consumption in Turkey reached 20,906,762 litres.
Although Turkey for some time had been bombing and assassinating members of the US-allied SyrianDemocratic Forces (SDF), this current offensive is different ... Turkey has from the beginning viewed the burgeoning US-SDF alliance as a strategic threat ... Turkey’s Interior MinisterSuleyman Soylu went further and accused the US of being behind the bombing.
Although Turkey for some time had been bombing and assassinating members of the US-allied SyrianDemocratic Forces (SDF), this current offensive is different ... Turkey has from the beginning viewed the burgeoning US-SDF alliance as a strategic threat ... A 2020 poll showed that 70% of respondents named the US as the single greatest threat to Turkey.
READ MORE. MINOTAUR. Turkey asked to cooperate on the Greek anti-drone system, says inventor. Tags ... Turkey asked to cooperate on the Greek anti-drone system, says inventor. No Newer Articles. 0. 0 ... You must be logged in to post a comment ... Turkey asked to cooperate on the Greek anti-drone system, says inventor ... For the first time I am worried about Turkey ... .
The lacklustre meal was made up of just two roast potatoes, a measly slither of turkey, one pig-in-blanket and a few trimmings of carrot and parsnips on the side ... The post went viral, with users ridiculing the meal for ...
This has come at a cost to local livelihood and environmental sustainability ... Tags ... Didn't Azerbaijan, Turkey and Pakistan hold military exercises against Armenia's territorial integrity? ... 0. 0 ... You must be logged in to post a comment ... OPINION - Turkey in the CPEC is an effort to change the status quo ... Shehbaz invites Turkey to join CPEC ... WSJ ...Report ... .
Divya Agarwal announced her engagement with boyfriend Apurva Padgaonkar on December 5... Meanwhile, Divya Agarwal in her post revealed that she has known Apurva for seven long years ... My raw and unfiltered man, I love you for your heart." ... A fan shared pics and claimed that Divya celebrated Valentine's Day with Apurva in Turkey ... Check out the posts here-.
The number of people infected with HIV in Turkey has increased by 460% in the last 10 years, says Ender Bora from the "We are positive" association ... In recent years, new infections have been decreasing worldwide except in North Africa, the NearEast and Turkey ... Many people take tests in Turkey ... You must be logged in to post a comment.
The former Paige posted the image with the caption ...As of writing, the post on Instagram has a ton of likes and comments, and they are only likely to go up in the following days and weeks ... Yes please post more we can’t ... View this post on Instagram.
Turkey is celebrating the "WorldTurkish Coffee Day" today and wanted to shock Greece by making a social media post in Greek...Today, December 5th, we celebrate World Turkish Coffee Day," the post says with an almost two-minute video that presents Turkey's version of history ... Check out the post and video. ... You must be logged in to post a comment.