The turkey is a large bird in the genusMeleagris, which is native to the Americas. One species, Meleagris gallopavo (commonly known as the domestic turkey or wild turkey), is native to the forests of North America, mainly Mexico and the United States. The other living species is Meleagris ocellata or the ocellated turkey, native to the forests of the Yucatán Peninsula. Males of both turkey species have a distinctive fleshy wattle or protuberance that hangs from the top of the beak (called a snood). They are among the largest birds in their ranges. As in many galliformes, the male is larger and much more colorful than the female.
Turkeys are classed in the family of Phasianidae (pheasants, partridges, francolins, junglefowl, grouse and relatives) in the taxonomicorder of Galliformes. The genus Meleagris is the only genus in the subfamily Meleagridinae, formerly known as the family Meleagrididae, but now subsumed within the family Phasianidae.
History and naming
When Europeans first encountered turkeys in America, they incorrectly identified the birds as a type of guineafowl– i.e., as members of a group of birds which were thought to typically come from the country of Turkey. The name of the North American bird thus became "turkey fowl", which was then shortened to just "turkey". In 1550, the English navigator William Strickland, who had introduced the turkey into England, was granted a coat of arms including a "turkey-cock in his pride proper".
Ampelographers estimate that Turkey is home to between 600–1200 indigenous varieties of Vitis vinifera (the Europeangrapevine), though less than 60 of these are grown commercially. With over 1,500,000 acres (6,100km2) planted under vine, Turkey is the world's fourth-leading producer of grapes.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Turkey's first president, established the country's first commercial winery in 1925. According to the OIV, the total wine production in 2005 was 287,000 hl. In the first half of 2009, wine consumption in Turkey reached 20,906,762 litres.
Decline though did not relegate the UK to the ranks of some ex-colonial powers like Turkey, but into the league of France, Germany and Japan (hardly disrespectable company). For almost all the post-war period – a few bumpy years notwithstanding – the UK never dipped below number five in the world economy rankings (where it is today) ... .
This year's theme 'Choose to Challenge' has racked up thousands of posts across social media, with many posting selfies on Instagram with one hand in the air alongside a detailed caption explaining the bias and inequalities they're championing ... Protesters in Turkey.
Another young journalist, Nadia Momand, posted on social media a photograph of herself and HayaHabibi, sitting behind microphones in the station’s dubbing studio to show they were still alive ... Many are vying to host it, but the current bet is Turkey.
Turkey’s Defense Minister Hulusi Akara has blamed bad weather for a military helicopter crash that killed 10 soldiers and a senior commander in the country’s restive southeast ... Turkey also provides a vital staging post as well as defenses in the fight against Daesh in Iraq and Syria.
TROPHIES.. A rezoning request is hardly the same thing as a groundbreaking in the world of development but it’s still progress ...City council is expected to review next month ... That’s a good thing for Bethlehem ... We don’t know what the region will look like in a post-pandemic world, but we know if will look better if Trans-Bridge is thriving. TURKEYS. ... .
The authors write, “As Turkey launched a military offensive against Kurdish minorities in neighboring Syria in early 2018, Facebook’s top executives faced a political dilemma. Turkey was demanding the social media giant block Facebook posts from the People’s Protection Units, a mostly Kurdish militia group the Turkish government had targeted.
ISTANBUL (AFP) - Turkey's defence minister on Friday (March 5) blamed bad weather for a military helicopter crash that killed 10 soldiers and a senior commander in the country's restive southeast ... Turkey also provides a vital staging post as well as defences in the fight against Islamic State group extremists in Iraq and Syria.
The study’s main findings home in on a curriculum that demonizes Israel and verges on anti-Semitic messaging by describing some post-World War I Jewish schools as hostile to Turkey’s independence ... to identify with Palestinians as part of Turkey’s role as the protector of Muslims.
The Dil-e-Muztar star posted a video of the duo jamming to Junaid Jamshed's popular Dil Dil Pakistan, with a fun little addition to it. View this post on Instagram. A post shared by Churail Sarwat (@sarwatg) ... “May this brotherhood between Pakistan and Turkey stays forever,” Abbas captioned the post.